Available Summaries

By DisciplineBy KeywordBy Author
Summary OfAuthored ByDisciplinessort iconAbstract
Neither Market Nor Hierarchy: Network Forms of Organization
Business
Anthropology
Network forms of organization, with reciprocal patterns of communication and exchange, are alternatives to hierarchically or market based governance structures; they are more suited to describing companies involved in an intricate latticework of collaborative ventures with other firms over extended periods of time.
Silent Theft: the Private Plunder of our Common Wealth
Business
Law
Economics
Political Science
Sociology
Without a concerted effort against it, the trend of privatization and enclosure threatens to sacrifice the environmental, political, cultural, and information commons that communities rely on for their long-term health and prosperity.
Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution
Business
Computer Science
Technology
Political Science
Sociology
Information
Smart mobs emerge when communication and computing technologies amplify human talents for cooperation and collective action of both beneficial and destructive kinds.
The Cornucopia of the Commons
Business
Economics
Sociology
Dan Bricklin examines ways to induce a pool of users to contribute to a commons without extra effort, using the architecture of the commons (as in Napster's default to sharing in the way download directories are available) and leveraging user's self-interest.
The Toyota Group and the Aisin Fire
Business
Economics
A flexible and coordinated response by the Toyota Group's supplier network enabled the manufacturer to rapidly restore production after a disastrous fire; the self-organized cooperation was enabled by deliberately designed practices that created dense social networks of trust and reciprocity that extended beyond Toyota's boundaries and into the companies of its network of suppliers.
The Success of Open Source
Business
Law
Computer Science
Economics
Sociology
Information
Open source software, a form of social organization that configures intellectual property around the right to distribute, not the right to include, is a political economy and production system process, enabled by the Internet, that makes possible voluntary, distributed innovation and collective creation of complex public goods with neither the bureaucratic structure of the firm as we know it or the financial incentives of the market as we know them.
When Push comes To Pull: The New Economy and Culture of Networking Technology
Business
Law
History
Cultural Evolution
Technology
Economics
Political Science
Sociology
Information and communication technology innovation have begun to transform commercial business and social institutions from a "push" technology approach (hierarchical "center out"), to a "pull" technology approach (networked -based and decentralized). This poses new challenges to social, political, and educational systems that are largely designed to support "push" economies.
Why Spectrum Is Not Property: The Case for an Entirely New Regime of Wireless Communications Policy
Business
Law
Technology
Economics
"What we now know about the physics and architecture of RF communications contradicts the 'property' model of spectrum and this paper serves as a call to action to re-architect spectrum using a commons-based model."
An Evolutionary Approach to Norms
Biology
Computer Science
Economics
Political Science
Exploration of games in which punishment is possible and cheating is not automatically detected reveals that norms can emerge and stabilize only if those who fail to punish violators are also punished.
Beethoven's Anvil: Music in Mind and Culture
Biology
Anthropology
Psychology
Music may be a key driver of human biological and cultural evolution, enabling individual brains to engage in complex internal cognitive synchronization and externally attuning the brains of different individuals into group cooperative activity.